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The child may also describe a relationship with a parent (such as sons and daughters of all ages)[4] or, metaphorically, an authority figure, or a group membership in a clan, tribe, or religion; it can also mean that it is strongly influenced by a certain time, place or circumstance, as in « a child of nature » or « a child of the sixties ». [5] Puberty is usually determined between the onset of puberty and legal adulthood: usually based on adolescence (13-19). However, puberty usually begins before adolescence. Although a child is biologically a human being between the stages of birth and puberty,[1][2] adolescence is accepted by some cultures as part of social childhood, as most adolescents are considered minors by law. Early adolescence brings with it various physical, psychological and behavioral changes. Late adolescence and early adulthood vary by country and function, and even within the same nation-state or culture, there may be different ages at which an individual is considered mature enough to be entrusted with certain tasks by society. Talk to your child about their disability. Ask how disability affects your son or daughter at school, at home, in everyday life. Listen to the answers. Discuss. Social attitudes towards children differ across cultures around the world and change over time.

A 1988 study of Europe`s attitude towards child centrality found that Italy was more child-centred and the Netherlands less child-centred, while other countries such as Austria, the United Kingdom, Ireland and West Germany were in between. [64] Climate change has direct and indirect effects on children. Children are more sensitive to the effects of climate change on humans than adults. The World Health Organization estimates that 88% of the current global burden of the disease is related to climate change, which affects children under 5 years of age. [74] The Lancet report on health and climate change ranks children as the category most affected by climate change. [75] British reformers attacked child labor beginning in the 1830s, aided by Charles Dickens` horrific descriptions of street life in London. [25] The campaign eventually resulted in the Factory Acts, which mitigated the exploitation of children in the workplace.[23][26] Navigating parents` legal rights and obligations can be emotionally and legally challenging, especially when a parent is trying to establish rights or end responsibility. An experienced family law lawyer can help you understand the relevant law or guide you through legal documents and procedures.

Emergencies and conflicts pose adverse risks to the health, safety and well-being of children. There are many types of conflicts and emergencies, wars. B and natural disasters. In 2010, an estimated 13 million children worldwide were displaced by armed conflict and violence. [69] When violent conflict is the norm, young children`s lives are severely disrupted and their families find it very difficult to provide the sensitive and ongoing care that young children need for their healthy development. [69] Studies on the effects of emergencies and conflicts on children`s physical and mental health between birth and age 8 show that when the disaster is natural, the rate of PTSD occurs in 3-87% of affected children. [70] However, rates of PTSD in children living in chronic conflict range from 15 to 50 percent. [71] [72] Contracts In general, a child cannot enter into a contract or other legally binding agreement. However, if a child enters into a contract when he or she is under the age of 18, he or she may make it legally binding by accepting the contract in writing (called ratification) at the age of 18.

An exception is the possibility of signing a contract to borrow money to go to university. A child can own and transfer ownership of a property and can also have a bank account, but most banks require you to be 15 years old to have an account yourself. In some countries (especially parts of Africa and Asia), children are often kept out of school or attend school for only a short time. UNICEF data shows that 57 million children did not go to school in 2011; and more than 20 per cent of African children have never attended primary school or left primary school without graduating from primary school. [60] According to a UN report, war prevents 28 million children worldwide from receiving an education because of the risk of sexual violence and assault in schools. [61] Other factors that prevent children from going to school include poverty, child labour, social attitudes, and long journeys to school. [62] [63] The protection of children from abuse is considered an important contemporary objective. These include protecting children from exploitation such as child labour, trafficking and sale of children, sexual abuse of children, including child prostitution and child pornography, military use of children and children`s underwear in illegal adoptions. There are several international instruments for these purposes, such as: The geographies of childhood include how (adult) society perceives the idea of childhood, the many ways in which adult attitudes and behaviors affect children`s lives, including the environment that surrounds children and its impact.

[Citation needed] Who is a « child » in South Carolina? Age restrictions that affect the definition of a « child » can vary from problem to problem. The following is a list of common areas of the law that affect children. The rules relating to the person who is the legal parent of a child are laid down in the Law of Descent. The legal parent of a child is not automatically responsible for that child. And the person responsible for a child is not always the legal parent. If you are responsible for a child, you have the right and duty to raise and care for that child. Legal guardianship is one of the options available to parents who plan to care for their children in their absence due to various situations such as illness or incarceration. It allows parents to designate a caregiver and give them certain legal rights with respect to custody of the child or children. In most cases, the legal rights of parents are not terminated and parents still play a role in their children`s lives. Guardians have custody of the children and the power to make decisions regarding protection, education, care, discipline, etc. The father and mother whose DNA is carried by a child are usually referred to as the child`s biological parents.

Legal parents have a legal family relationship with the child, but do not have to be related by blood, for example in the case of an adopted child. With the beginning of industrialization in England in 1760, the divergence between the high romantic ideals of childhood and the reality of the growing scale of child exploitation in the workplace became increasingly evident. By the end of the 18th century, British children were particularly employed in factories and mines and as chimney sweeps,[23] who often worked long hours in dangerous jobs for low wages. [24] Over the course of the century, the contradiction between local conditions for poor children and the bourgeois idea of childhood as a time of simplicity and innocence led to the first campaigns for the imposition of legal protection on children. .